Sufficiency Economy and Gross National Happiness: The Integrated Value for Sustainable Development

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The paper aims to conceptualize the integrated value between the philosophy of Sufficiency Economy and the concept of Gross National Happiness as the key contribution to Sustainable Development, as well as to operationalize the philosophy and the concept. Sufficiency Economy, similarly to Gross National Happiness, attempts to promote balance among economy, society, environment, and culture. Guidance for Sufficiency Economy and variables of Gross National Happiness are introduced and converged for Sustainable Development. The indicators for Gross National Happiness not only comply with the philosophy of Sufficiency Economy through process factors, including moderation, reasonableness and self-immunity, moderated by condition factors, including knowledge and morality, but also introduce happiness indicators as ultimate goal for Sustainable Development.



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    6 Jul 12 16:04
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